-CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH-
Researches show that climate change is a global sequence events issue that effects the world people and decision-making. Many professional group have publicity recognised the reality of climate change and impact on human healthy often highlighting their members expertise talking about climate problems and professional groups to call for actions to support their members who are publicly calling for action also they support governments that they do take action.
Education programs can increase people knowledge about the climate change and health. We know that the build environment influences people choices, which in turn affect health and global climate. For example, neighbourhood plan not only influences healthy by affecting physical activity, respiratory, heart health and body health but many current community plan practices adversely contribute to global climate change.
Besides, we see that current study focuses on three built environment components such as buildings, transportation and agriculture- forestry. These aspect of built environment can affect vulnarable people, children, elderly persons, disabilities people. Moreover, Climate change has a big impact on economic growth, also it influences people life and a wide range of health outcomes. For instance, If rise the global temperature, It will be forced migration, heat-related ilness and death, difficulty for the clean water and food supply, chronic mental illness such as depression and anxiety, air pollition, diseases carried by portor insect, animals, flood, wildfires and also people socieconomic status is getting worse.
According to Medical News Today’s article, some areas are most risky area from climate change for example, coastal regions, mountainous regions, polar regions, small islands, developing countries, countries with a lack of healthcare facilities, megacities. Also It says, many group of people are more risk of from the healthy risk of climate change. For example, they include, older people, children, poor people, socially isolated people.
Besides, WHO says that “Measuring the health effects from climate change can only be very approximate. Nevertheless, a WHO assessment, taking into account only a subset of the possible health impacts and assuming continued economic growth and health progress, concluded that climate is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year between 2030 and 2050; 38 000 due to heat exposure in elderly people, 48 000 due to diarrhoea 60 000 due to malaria, and 95 000 due to childhood undernutrition.”
The WHO Executive Board has approved a new work plan on climate change and health in 2015. “This includes:
-Partnesships: to coordinate with partner agencies within the UN system, and ensure that health is represented in the climate change agenda.
-Awareness raising: to provide and disseminate information on the threats that climate change presents to human health, and opportunities to promote health while cutting carbon emissions.
-Science and evidence: to coordinate reviews of scientific evidence on the links between climate and health, and develop a global research agenda.
-Support for implementation of the public healthy response to climate change: to assist countries in building capacity to reduce health vulnerability to climate change and promote health while reducing carbon emissions.”
Finally, climate change show crucial risk to human health in many ways. Rising weather temperature or cold weather can cause natural disaster, mental illness, increases risk or infections such as pandemic diseases-Coronavirus Diseases( SARS, MERS, COVID 19). For the climate change, another significant issue is food production and quality as well as food distribution and food prices. Besides, some researches show, many crop yields are predicted to decline because of decline rainfall.
We see that climate change on human health impacts are complicated and not always unidirectional. For instances, reducing reliance on oil in the transportation secure reduce Carbon dioxide emission which over time reduce the effects of climate change on people health. Another example, reducing transportation emission improves air quality which may lessen incidences rate such as airway disease, cardiovascular illness, cancer etc.
Climate change on human health schooling can help the World people to develop awareness and knowledge about the climate change and it’s impacts to human health and also People can learn the proper tools and information about climate change on the body health.
Thank you very much for standing by! 🙂